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USDA Weekly Crop Progress
11/20 3:59 PM

OMAHA (DTN) -- Winter wheat conditions dropped again from the previous week, according to USDA's latest Crop Progress report released on Monday.

With 88% of the crop emerged as of Sunday, USDA estimated that 52% of the winter wheat crop was in good-to-excellent condition, down slightly from 54% the previous week. That resulted in a DTN Winter Wheat Condition Index of 135, down 2 points from the previous week.

"DTN's index is down from 147 a year ago and is a little below the five-year average of 138, but is close enough to be considered neutral for winter wheat prices," said DTN Analyst Todd Hultman.

Corn harvest continued to lag slightly behind the average pace. USDA estimated that 90% of corn was harvested as of Sunday, down from 96% a year ago and also below the five-year average of 95% harvested.

"Monday's harvest progress was neutral for corn prices with a drier forecast for the week ahead," Hultman said.

Soybean harvest was nearing completion with 96% harvested as of Sunday, down from 98% a year ago and down from a five-year average of 97% harvested.

"Monday's report was neutral for soybeans," Hultman said.

Sorghum was 90% harvested, slightly behind the five-year average of 92%.

Cotton was 74% harvested nationwide, moving to slightly ahead of the average pace of 72%.

The following are highlights from weekly crop progress reports issued by National Ag Statistics Service offices in individual states. To view the full reports from each state, visit http://www.nass.usda.gov/…

Colorado

Continued dry weather helped advance harvest activities last week. Isolated precipitation was observed late in the week. Reporters in northeastern counties noted lack of moisture continues to be a concern for fall planted crops and range conditions going into winter. Days suitable for fieldwork was 6.7 days, up from the previous week's 6.2 days. Topsoil moisture is 1% very short, 16% short, 82% adequate and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture is 3% very short, 18% short, 78% adequate and 1% surplus. Corn harvested is 86% with the five year average 94%. Sorghum harvested is 86% with 90% the five year average. Winter wheat emerged is 96% with 98% the five year average. Winter wheat crop condition is 4% very poor to poor, 23% fair and 73% good to excellent.

Illinois

Harvest is largely complete throughout the state with wet weather delaying fall tillage and anhydrous ammonia application. There were 4.2 days suitable for fieldwork last week. Statewide, the average temperature was 39.9 degrees, 2.3 degrees below normal. Precipitation averaged 1.17 inches, 0.46 inch above normal. Topsoil moisture supply was rated at 8% short, 78% adequate, and 14% surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was rated at 4% very short, 16% short, 77% adequate, and 3% surplus. Corn harvested for grain was 95% complete, compared to 98% for the five-year average. Winter wheat emerged was at 92%, compared to 86% for the five-year average. Winter wheat condition was rated 5% very poor, 6% poor, 28% fair, 47% good, and 14% excellent.

Indiana

Mid- to late-week rainfall continues to delay harvest progress. Heavy winds during weekend storms caused reports of crop damage in some areas, while low temperatures brought reports of frost throughout the state. The statewide average temperature was 40.5 degrees, 1.8 degrees below normal. Statewide precipitation was 1.89 inches, above average by 1.13 inches. There were 3.2 days available for fieldwork last week, down 0.7 day from the previous week. Corn harvested for grain is 87%, with 95% the five-year average. Soybeans harvested is 92% with 98% the five-year average. Winter wheat planted is 95% with 99% the five-year average. Winter wheat emerged is 83% with 92% the five-year average. Winter wheat crop condition is 4% very poor to poor, 22% fair and 74% good to excellent.

Iowa

Minimal precipitation allowed Iowa farmers to make progress toward completing harvest with 5.5 days suitable for fieldwork last week. Activities for the week included harvesting, baling corn stalks, tiling, hauling and spreading manure, applying fertilizers, and planting cover crops. Topsoil moisture levels rated 3% very short, 9% short, 84% adequate and 4% surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 6% very short, 16% short, 76% adequate and 2% surplus. Ninety-two percent of the corn for grain crop has been harvested, eight days behind last year and the five-year average. Moisture content of corn being harvested for grain averaged 17%. Only northeast, southwest, and south central Iowa have more than 10% of their corn for grain crop remaining to be harvested.

Kansas

Temperatures averaged 2 to 8 degrees above normal. Some producers were waiting for crops to dry down to finish with harvest. Fog and drizzle slowed progress in some areas. Rain would be welcomed to help the winter wheat crop. Light precipitation was recorded in the north and southeast, with minimal amounts scattered throughout the rest of state. There were 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture rated 5% very short, 25% short, 68% adequate, and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture rated 4% very short, 25% short, 70% adequate, and 1% surplus. Winter wheat condition rated 3% very poor, 9% poor, 32% fair, 51% good, and 5% excellent. Winter wheat emerged was 90%, near 94% last year, and behind 95% for the five-year average. Corn harvested was 96%, near 100% last year and 98% average. Soybeans harvested was 94%, near 97% last year and 96% average. Sorghum harvested was 86%, behind 94% last year and 92% average. Cotton condition rated 0% very poor, 3% poor, 24% fair, 62% good, and 11% excellent. Cotton harvested was 39%, behind 51% last year and 55% average. Sunflowers harvested was 83%, behind 88% both last year and average.

Michigan

There were 2.7 days suitable for fieldwork in Michigan last week. Rain and snowfall saturated fields again this week, which limited fieldwork in many areas. Topsoil moisture is 1% short, 44% adequate and 55% surplus. Subsoil moisture is 1% very short, 3% short, 65% adequate and 31% surplus. Corn harvested for grain is 76% with 81% the five-year average. Soybeans harvested is 91% with 96% the five-year average. Winter wheat emerged is 95% with 93% the five year average. Winter wheat crop condition is 9% very poor to poor, 19% fair and 72% good to excellent.

Minnesota

Minnesota farmers took advantage of the 5.4 days suitable for fieldwork and harvested 11% of the state's corn acreage last week. While some farmers were putting away equipment for the season, others were harvesting, baling corn stalks, spreading fertilizer, and working on fall tillage. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 3% short, 85% adequate and 12% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 1% very short, 6% short, 82% adequate and 11% surplus. Corn for grain harvest, at 90% complete, remained 12 days behind the five-year average. Moisture content of corn being harvested for grain averaged 18%. Sunflower harvest was 97% complete.

Missouri

Statewide, the temperature averaged 46.0 degrees, 1.2 degrees above normal. Precipitation averaged 0.46 inch statewide, 0.45 inch below normal. There were 4.7 days suitable for fieldwork for the week. Topsoil moisture supply was rated 5% very short, 19% short, 74% adequate, and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was rated 5% very short, 23% short, 71% adequate, and 1% surplus. Corn harvested for grain was 95% complete, compared to 97% for the five-year average. Soybean harvest was 91% complete, up 5 percentage points from last week. Cotton harvest was 94% complete, compared to 90% for the 5-yer average. Sorghum harvest was 93% complete. Winter wheat planted reached 90%. Winter wheat emerged reached 75%. Winter Wheat condition was rated 55% good to excellent.

Nebraska

Temperatures averaged near normal across eastern Nebraska, but 6 to 10 degrees above normal in the west. Precipitation was limited across the state, only a few counties received over half an inch of rain. Corn harvest was near completion. There were 6.5 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 3% very short, 23% short, 73% adequate and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 4% very short, 22% short, 73% adequate and 1% surplus. Corn harvested was 93%, near 96% last year and 95% for the five-year average. Winter wheat condition rated 56% good to excellent. Sorghum harvested was 91%, behind 98% last year and 97% average.

North Dakota

Slightly warmer conditions melted enough snow to allow producers to continue harvesting corn and sunflowers. However, some producers were waiting for crops to dry down in the fields, which might prevent them from harvesting until spring. Temperatures were variable, ranging from 2 to 4 degrees above normal in the southwest, to 2 to 4 degrees below normal over the rest of the state. There were 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 15% very short, 29% short, 55% adequate and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 18% very short, 28% short, 53% adequate and 1% surplus. Corn harvested was 86%, behind 92% last year and 91% for the five-year average. Winter wheat condition was rated 26% good to excellent. Winter wheat emerged was 96%, near 98% last year.

Ohio

Heavy rains stalled corn harvest for another week. There were 2.8 days available for fieldwork last week. Corn harvest is about 11 days behind the five-year average. Producers are hoping for drier conditions and colder temperatures to open wet fields to harvest equipment. Average grain moisture for corn harvested was 19% and soybean moisture was 13%. Wet conditions have also limited fall tillage and other field activities. Winter wheat is progressing well and the condition remains good to excellent. Topsoil moisture was rated 0% very short, 1% short, 44% adequate and 55% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 0% very short, 3% short, 56% adequate and 41% surplus. Corn harvested for grain was rated 79%, up from 71% last week. Soybeans harvested was rated 95%, up from 93% last week. Winter wheat emerged reached 94%. Winter Wheat was rated 86% good to excellent.

Oklahoma

Dry weather continued to be prevalent throughout the state last week. Drought conditions continued to expand, according to the Mesonet. Statewide, temperatures averaged in the mid-50s. Topsoil moisture was rated 4% very short, 60% short and 36% adequate. Subsoil moisture was rated 3% very short, 51% short and 46% adequate. There were 6.6 days suitable for fieldwork. Winter wheat emerged reached 90%, down 2 points from normal. Oats planted reached 62%, up 5 points from normal, and oats emerged reached 44%, down 7 points from normal. Sorghum harvested reached 83%, down 9 points from normal. Soybeans harvested reached 78%, down 4 points from normal. Cotton harvested reached 60%, down 3 points from normal.

South Dakota

Minimal precipitation and above-average temperatures dominated most of the state. Weather conditions were excellent for most producers wrapping up harvest, completing fall tillage, and applying fertilizer. Livestock producers continued to wean calves and move livestock to corn stalks. There were 6.5 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 15% very short, 26% short, 57% adequate and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 23% very short, 28% short, 48% adequate and 1% surplus. Corn harvested was 92%, near 96% for both last year and the five-year average. Winter wheat condition was rated 19% good to excellent. Sorghum harvested was 90%, behind 96% average.

Texas

Average temperatures across the state were mostly warm last week compared to the week prior. Even though high humidity was reported in some areas of the state, most of the state experienced little to no rainfall. Isolated areas in south-central Texas, the Coastal Bend, south Texas and the Lower Valley received precipitation ranging from 0.5 inch to 1.5 inches. There were 6.4 days suitable for fieldwork. Statewide, topsoil moisture was rated 9% very short, 56% short, 33% adequate and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 10% very short, 40% short, 47% adequate and 3% surplus. Cotton was 67% harvested, ahead of the average pace of 60%. Winter wheat was 90% planted, even with the five-year average, and 79% of the crop was emerged, near the average of 78%. Winter wheat condition was rated 41% good to excellent. Oats were 82% emerged, ahead of the average of 73%.

Wisconsin

Temperatures were close to normal this week, with light rains and heavy fog on several days. The corn for grain harvest progressed slowly statewide as grain moistures were still unfavorably high. Several reporters noted that grain moistures have actually risen with the damp conditions of the past few weeks. Fields were reportedly slippery in some areas, further complicating harvest activities. Dry, sunny days and frozen soils are needed to help bring in the last of the corn and soybeans. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 4% short, 86% adequate and 10% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 1% very short, 5% short, 87% adequate and 7% surplus. Corn harvested for grain was 69% complete, 12 days behind the average. The moisture content of corn harvested for grain averaged 21%. Soybean harvest was reported at 94% complete, 11 days behind last year, and eight days behind the average. Winter wheat emerged was reported at 96% complete, two days ahead of last year. Winter wheat condition was reported 83% good to excellent, 2 percentage points below last week.

National Crop Progress Summary
This Last Last 5-Year
Week Week Year Avg.
Corn Harvested 90 83 96 95
Soybeans Harvested 96 93 98 97
Winter Wheat Emerged 88 84 88 88
Cotton Harvested 74 64 66 72
Sorghum Harvested 90 83 93 92

National Crop Condition Summary
(VP=Very Poor; P=Poor; F=Fair; G=Good; E=Excellent)
This Week Last Week Last Year
VP P F G E VP P F G E VP P F G E
Winter Wheat 3 8 37 44 8 3 8 35 46 8 2 8 32 47 11

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