Canada Crop Reports
9/20 5:21 PM
OMAHA (DTN) -- The following are highlights from Alberta's weekly crop progress report for conditions as of Sept. 17, released Sept. 20 from the Agriculture Financial Services Corporation, and Alberta Agriculture and Forestry, Economics and Competitiveness Branch, Statistics and Data Development Section.
Harvest operations have resumed in most parts of the province, thanks to warmer and windy conditions. However, progress has been slow, due to some showers bringing from less than 1 millimeter of rain in the eastern and southern parts of the province to upwards of 30 mm in some areas in the Peace Region.
Producers across the province were able to make some harvest progress as well as swathing, especially in canola fields. Some light frosts have been reported for the Peace Region with the lowest temperature recorded between minus 10 Celsius and minus 20 C over the last week.
Provincially, about 18% of major crops have now been harvested, up 5% from last week, while 20% are in the swath, up 10% from a week ago. About 62% of major crops remain standing, down 15% from last week. When compared to the five-year averages (2014-18), harvest progress is behind in all regions, led by the Peace Region (20% behind), followed by the North East (15% behind) and Central and North West Regions (12% behind). Harvest of major crops in the Southern Region is now 8% behind. Provincially, nearly 68% of dry peas, 24% of barley, 15% of spring wheat, 7% of oats and 6% of canola are now in the bin. Also, 40% of canola, 12% of barley, 9% of spring wheat and 7% of oats have been swathed.
Soil moisture reserves seem to be near normal for most parts of the province. Soil moisture reserves are considered moderately low for the northwestern parts of the Southern Region, a large area in the Central Region and the western parts of the Peace Region. However, they are moderately high in the western and central parts of the North West Region, as well as the southern and northern parts of the Peace. Surface soil moisture is currently rated as 6% poor, 20% fair, 50% good and 20% excellent, with 4% rated as excessive. Sub-surface soil moisture is rated as 9% poor, 26% fair, 41% good and 22% excellent, with 2% excessive.
Pasture and tame hay growing conditions have improved over the last two months. This is attributed to precipitation across the province, bringing moisture to the fields. Some second-cut alfalfa is being harvested as silage to preserve quality and some producers are considering to cut their annual crops for feed due to low quality.
Currently, pasture growing conditions are rated as 17% poor, 37% fair, 44% good and 2% excellent. Similarly, tame hay growing conditions are reported as 11% poor, 33% fair, 53% good and 3% excellent.
Breaking down by region:
REGION ONE: SOUTHERN (STRATHMORE, LETHBRIDGE, MEDICINE HAT, FOREMOST)
-- Although last week's rain was helpful for sub-surface soil moisture reserves and welcomed by producers, it delayed harvest operations. Harvest advanced an additional 11% of major crops from a week ago.
-- Regionally, 38% of crops are still standing, 13% swathed and 49% combined (down 8% from the five-year average of 58%).
-- About 94% of dry peas, 57% of spring wheat, 63% of barley and 68% of oats are either in swath or the bin.
-- About 30% of canola is in the bin (compared to the five-year average of 46%), with another 21% swathed.
-- Surface soil moisture conditions (sub-surface soil ratings in the brackets) are rated as 15 (18)% poor, 42 (50)% fair, 41 (31)% good and 2 (1)% excellent.
REGION TWO: CENTRAL (RIMBEY, AIRDRIE, CORONATION, OYEN)
-- Producers are now busy with harvest operations after last week's showers, with about 5% progress made from a week ago. Warm, dry and sunny weather is needed in the region for further progress.
-- Regionally, 71% of crops are still standing, 16% swathed and 13% combined (down 12% from the five-year average of 25%).
-- About 75% of dry peas, 20% of spring wheat, 30% of barley and 10% of oats are either in swath or the bin.
-- About 3% of canola is in the bin (compared to the five-year average of 20%), with another 25% swathed.
-- Surface soil moisture conditions (sub-surface soil ratings in the brackets) are rated as 3 (10)% poor, 18 (28)% fair, 69 (52)% good and 10 (10)% excellent.
REGION THREE: NORTH EAST (SMOKY LAKE, VERMILION, CAMROSE, PROVOST)
-- Weather conditions over the past week limited harvest progress to about 3% of major crops from a week ago. However, about half of canola has now been swathed.
-- In this region, 65% of crops are still standing, 28% swathed and seven% combined (down 15% from the five-year average of 22%).
-- About 66% of dry peas, 15% of spring wheat, 27% of barley and 20% of oats are either in swath or the bin.
-- Less than one% of canola is in the bin (compared to the five-year average of 11%), with another 50% swathed.
-- Surface soil moisture conditions (sub-surface soil ratings in the brackets) are rated as 2 (2)% fair, 51 (44)% good and 44 (53)% excellent, with 3 (1)% excessive.
REGION FOUR: NORTH WEST (BARRHEAD, EDMONTON, LEDUC, DRAYTON VALLEY, ATHABASCA)
-- Harvest has just begun in the region, mainly on dry peas and barley fields, with very low yield and quality reported for dry peas. Over the past week, harvest progress has been minimal (1% from a week ago), but producers are swathing canola. Lower-than-normal temperatures, high humidity and shorter daylight are concerns in most parts of the region. Heat and sunshine are needed to advance harvest progress.
-- In this region, 79% of crops are still standing, 18% swathed and 3% combined (down 12% from the five-year average of 15%).
-- About 44% of dry peas, 1% of spring wheat, 6% of barley and 5% of oats are either in swath or the bin.
-- No canola has yet been combined (compared to the five-year average of 3%), while 40% is swathed.
-- Surface soil moisture conditions (sub-surface soil ratings in the brackets) are rated as 22 (22)% good and 61 (67)% excellent, with 17 (11)% excessive.
REGION FIVE: PEACE RIVER (FAIRVIEW, FALHER, GRANDE PRAIRIE, VALLEYVIEW)
-- Over the past week, showers and cool weather have hindered harvest progress and producers were able to combine less than 1% of their crops, but swathing has been ongoing.
-- Overall, 67% of crops are still standing, 28% swathed and 5% combined (down 20% from the five-year average of 25%).
-- About 57% of dry peas, 4% of spring wheat, 6% of barley and 2% of oats are either in swath or the bin.
-- While almost no canola is in the bin (compared to the five-year average of 15%), 56% is in swath.
-- Surface soil moisture conditions (sub-surface soil ratings in the brackets) are rated as 0 (5)% poor, 10 (20)% fair, 63 (56)% good and 12 (17)% excellent, with 15 (2)% excessive.
SASKATCHEWAN CROP REPORT
Saskatchewan Crop Report Well Behind Five-Year Average
Up to Sept. 16, 23% of Saskatchewan's crop is now in the bin, up from 18% last week, but still well behind the five-year (2014-18) average of 50% for this time of year.
OMAHA (DTN) -- The following are highlights from the weekly crop report from Saskatchewan Agriculture, for the period Sept. 10-16. The report was released Sept. 19.
Warm weather and wind has allowed combining to resume, according to Saskatchewan Agriculture's Weekly Crop Report. Twenty-three percent of the crop is now in the bin, up from 18% last week, still well behind the five-year (2014-2018) average of 50% for this time of year.
Thirty-six percent of the crop is now swathed or ready to straight-cut. A general rain fell over much of the province with the largest amounts being reported in the central and southern regions.
Harvest is most advanced in the southwest region, where 37% of the crop is now combined. The southeast region has 28% combined and the west-central region 26%. The northeast region has 15% combined, the east-central region 12% combined while the northwest region has 10%.
Ninety percent of winter wheat, 88% of fall rye, 78% of field peas, 75% of lentils, 39% of barley, 17% of durum and oats, 13% of spring wheat and 6% of canola is now in the bin. An additional 56% of canola is swathed or is ready to straight-cut.
Fourteen percent of the durum is estimated to grade 1 CW, while 46 and 28% is estimated to grade 2 CW and 3 CW, respectively. Thirty-one percent of the pea crop is estimated to fall in the 1 CAN grade, 58 and 10% are estimated to grade 2 CAN and 3 CAN, respectively. Sixteen percent of the lentils are estimated to grade 1 CAN, while 55 and 22% is predicted to fall in the 2 CAN and 3 CAN category, respectively.
Across the province, topsoil moisture conditions on cropland are rated as 14% surplus, 77% adequate, 8% short and 1% very short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as 3% surplus, 83% adequate, 11% short and 3% very short.
Most crop damage this past week was due to localized flooding and strong winds. There have been some reports of crops bleaching and sprouting in areas with excess moisture.
Farmers are getting back out in the field and continuing with harvest operations as the weather permits.
The following are the results by district:
SOUTHEASTERN SASKATCHEWAN (CROP DISTRICT 1 -- CARNDUFF, ESTEVAN, REDVERS, MOOSOMIN AND KIPLING AREAS; CROP DISTRICT 2 -- WEYBURN, MILESTONE, MOOSE JAW, REGINA AND QU'APPELLE AREAS; CROP DISTRICT 3ASE -- RADVILLE AND LAKE ALMA AREAS)
Rainfall and cool weather have kept harvest at a slow pace in the southeastern region this week. Twenty-eight percent of the crop is now in the bin, up from 24% last week but well behind the five-year (2014-18) average of 64% for this time of year. An additional 36% of the crop is swathed or ready to straight-cut. Warm and dry weather is needed for fields to dry up and for harvest operations to continue.
Much of the region received significant rainfall last week that has left standing water in some fields. Rainfall in the region ranged from 14 millimeters in the Tantallon area to 80 mm in the Pense area. The Carnduff area received 36 mm of rain, the Kisbey area 50 mm, the Moosomin area 39 mm, the Grenfell area 37 mm, the Weyburn area 38 mm, the Vibank area 48 mm, the Regina area 42 mm, the Marquis area 62 mm and the Radville area 28 mm. The Indian Head area has received the most precipitation since April 1 (426 mm).
Cropland topsoil moisture is rated as 25% surplus, 73% adequate and 2% short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture conditions are rated as 2% surplus, 91% adequate and 7% short. Crop Districts 2A and 2B are reporting that 72% and 19% of the cropland, respectively has surplus topsoil moisture at this time.
The majority of crop damage this past week was due to localized flooding and strong winds. There have been many reports of crops sprouting and bleaching due to excess moisture and downgrading is expected at the elevator.
Producers are getting back out in the field and continuing with harvest operations as the weather permits.
SOUTHWESTERN SASKATCHEWAN (CROP DISTRICT 3ASW -- CORONACH, ASSINIBOIA AND OGEMA AREAS; CROP DISTRICT 3AN -- GRAVELBOURG, MOSSBANK, MORTLACH AND CENTRAL BUTTE AREAS; CROP DISTRICT 3B -- KYLE, SWIFT CURRENT, SHAUNAVON AND PONTEIX AREAS; CROP DISTRICT 4 -- CONSUL, MAPLE CREEK AND LEADER AREAS)
Large amounts of rain and cool weather has kept harvest progress modest this week. With 37% of the crop now combined, producers in the southwest continue to lead the province in harvest progress. This is up from 31% last week but remains well behind the five-year (2014-18) average of 66% for this time of year. An additional 22% of the crop is now swathed or ready to straight-cut. A good stretch of warm and dry weather is needed in order for harvest to continue.
Rainfall in the region ranged from trace amounts to 57 mm in the area southwest of Moose Jaw. The Rockglen area received 39 mm of rain, the Limerick area 28 mm, the Mossbank area 24 mm, the Eyebrow area 16 mm, the Admiral area 2 mm, the Blumenhof area 3 mm, the Tyner area 17 mm, the Cabri area 14 mm and the Big Beaver area 45 mm. The area south-west of Moose Jaw has received the most precipitation since April 1 (518 mm).
Cropland topsoil moisture is rated as 17% surplus, 79% adequate and 4% short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture conditions are rated as 87% adequate, 10% short and 3% very short. Crop District 4B is reporting that 50% of the cropland has surplus topsoil moisture at this time.
Most crop damage this past week was due to localized flooding and strong winds. With the recent moisture, some crops have bleached, stained and sprouted and downgrading is expected at the elevator.
Producers are getting back out in the field and continuing with harvest operations as the weather permits.
EAST-CENTRAL SASKATCHEWAN (CROP DISTRICT 5 -- MELVILLE, YORKTON, CUPAR, KAMSACK, FOAM LAKE, PREECEVILLE AND KELVINGTON AREAS; CROP DISTRICT 6A -- LUMSDEN, CRAIK, WATROUS AND CLAVET AREAS)
Some harvest progress was made last week in the region despite wet and cool weather. Twelve percent of the crop is in the bin, up from 8% last week and remaining well behind the five-year (2014-18) average of 41% for this time of year. An additional 39% of the crop is swathed or ready to straight-cut. The region will need several weeks of warm and dry weather to help crops mature and for harvesting to continue.
Rainfall was received in much of the region last week, ranging from 8 mm in the Kelvington area to 64 mm in the Bethune area. The Rocanville area received 37 mm of rain, the Saltcoats area 26 mm, the Lipton area 38 mm, the Jedburgh area 35 mm, the Kelliher area 42 mm, the Elfros area 13 mm, the Rose Valley area 15 mm, the Craik area 18 mm, the Stalwart area 30 mm and the Meacham area 10 mm. The Lipton area has received the most precipitation since April 1 (486 mm).
Cropland topsoil moisture conditions are rated as 12% surplus, 80% adequate and 8% short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as 7% surplus, 82% adequate, 10% short and 1% very short. Crop District 5A is reporting that 24% of the cropland and five% of the hay and pasture land has surplus topsoil moisture at this time.
The majority of crop damage this past week was due to localized flooding and strong winds. There have been several reports of crops bleaching, staining and sprouting due to the excess moisture and downgrading is expected at the elevator.
Producers are getting back out in the field and continuing with harvest operations as the weather permits.
WEST-CENTRAL SASKATCHEWAN (CROP DISTRICTS 6B -- HANLEY, OUTLOOK, LOREBURN, SASKATOON AND ARELEE AREAS; CROP DISTRICT 7A -- ROSETOWN, KINDERSLEY, ESTON, MAJOR; CD 7B -- KERROBERT, MACKLIN, WILKIE AND BIGGAR AREAS)
Producers in the west-central region were able to make some harvest progress this week. Twenty-seven percent of the crop is now combined, up from 18% last week but remaining well behind the five-year (2014-18) average of 46% for this time of year. An additional 35% of the crop is swathed or ready to straight-cut. The region will need warm and dry weather in order for harvest operations to continue.
Rainfall last week ranged from small amounts to 67 mm in the Tugaske area. The Outlook and Rosthern areas received 20 mm of rain, the Dinsmore area 41 mm, the Hanley area 9 mm, the Sonningdale area 16 mm, the Harris area 14 mm and Landis areas 10 mm. The Dinsmore area has received the most precipitation since April 1 (377 mm).
Regionally, cropland topsoil moisture is rated as 77% adequate, 19% short and 4% very short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as 66% adequate, 26% short and 8% very short.
Producers are reporting that downgrading is expected at the elevator due to sprouting, bleaching and staining.
Producers are busy swathing and combining crops, hauling bales and moving cattle.
NORTHEASTERN SASKATCHEWAN (CROP DISTRICT 8 -- HUDSON BAY, TISDALE, MELFORT, CARROT RIVER, HUMBOLDT, KINISTINO, CUDWORTH AND ABERDEEN AREAS; CROP DISTRICT 9AE -- PRINCE ALBERT, CHOICELAND AND PADDOCKWOOD AREAS)
The northeastern region made some harvest progress this week and now has 15% of the crop in the bin, up from 8% last week but behind the five-year (2014-2018) average of 34% for this time of year. An additional 51% of the crop is swathed or ready to straight-cut. Warm and dry weather is needed for crops to mature and for fields to dry up.
The region received small amounts of rain last week, ranging from small amounts to 29 mm in the Humboldt area. The Nipawin and Birch Hills areas received 8 mm of rain, the Hudson Bay, Porcupine Plain and Melfort areas 7 mm, the Star City area 12 mm, the Ridgedale area 14 mm and the Garrick area 21 mm. The Arborfield area has also received the most precipitation since April 1 (331 mm).
Cropland topsoil moisture is rated as 21% surplus and 79% adequate. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as 13% surplus, 84% adequate and 3% short. Crop District 8A is reporting that 41% of the cropland and 28% of hay land and pasture has surplus topsoil moisture at this time.
Producers are reporting that downgrading is expected at the elevator due to sprouting, bleaching and staining.
Producers are busy moving bales, cattle and continuing with harvest operations as crop maturity and weather permit.
NORTHWESTERN SASKATCHEWAN (CROP DISTRICT 9AW -- SHELLBROOK, NORTH BATTLEFORD, BIG RIVER AND HAFFORD AREAS; CROP DISTRICT 9B -- MEADOW LAKE, TURTLEFORD, PIERCELAND, MAIDSTONE AND LLOYDMINSTER AREAS)
Harvest is moving at a modest pace in the northwestern region due to cool, wet weather and slow crop maturity. Ten percent of the crop is now combined, up from 7% last week and behind the five-year (2014-18) average of 26% for this time of year. An additional 50% of the crop is swathed or ready to straight-cut. The region will need several weeks of warm and dry weather to help crops mature and for harvest to continue.
Rainfall last week ranged from trace amounts to 25 mm in the Borden area. The Hafford area received 17 mm of rain, the Duck Lake area 12 mm, the Glaslyn area 14 mm, the Neilburg area 11 mm, the Barthel area five mm and the Frenchman Butte area four mm. The Turtleford area has received the most precipitation since April 1 (424 mm).
Cropland topsoil moisture is rated as 1% surplus, 70% adequate and 30% short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as 75% adequate, 16% short and 9% very short. Crop District 9AW is reporting that 51% of crop land and 34% of hay land and pasture is short topsoil moisture at this time.
Producers reported geese and other waterfowl are damaging swathed crops.
Farmers are busy moving cattle and bales and continuing with harvest operations as crop maturity and weather permit.
MANITOBA CROP REPORT
Manitoba Harvest Remains Behind Three-Year Average
Overall harvest progress in Manitoba is approximately 46% complete, below the three-year average of 69% for the third week of September.
OMAHA (DTN) -- The following are highlights from the weekly crop progress report issued Sept. 18 from the Manitoba Agriculture, Food and Initiatives department.
Harvest progress has been limited by challenging conditions, including widespread rainfall.
-- Drying of tough and wet grain becoming common on recently harvested cereals and canola.
-- Soybean harvest has started on early varieties in the Central, Interlake and Eastern regions.
-- Overall harvest progress is approximately 46% complete, below the three-year average of 69% for the third week of September.
-- Winter cereal seeding has started in most regions, soil moisture is adequate and conditions are good for germination and early growth.
Breaking down more details by region:
Rain over the previous week stalled all field activities in most of the region. Rain was variable from 5 to 18 millimeters. Warm weekend weather allowed producers a chance to resume harvesting. Progress has been made across most of the region. Depending on the conditions of the crop and weather situation, both cereals and canola were the major target of harvest operations.
There were some lower temperatures, but no frost occurred this past week, benefitting most crops with natural maturation.
Overall harvest is 35% complete. Majority of harvested acres are south of the TransCanada, but there has been progress further north as well. Canola is mostly swathed and or ready to harvest. More producers planning to straight-cut fields this year. Harvest is about 20% complete in general. Yields are modest at 40 to 50 bushels per acre and quality is good.
Spring wheat is 50% harvested. Most fields have average to above average yield and 13-15% protein. A few reports of quality issues, especially in swathed fields. Some sprouting and mildew found in those fields.
Barley harvest is 90% complete. Yield is above average.
Some oat fields are still waiting to harvest and have lodged with high moisture conditions. Harvest is 80% complete
Many soybean fields are starting to mature. Crop is in late R7 to early R8 stage. Some fields are physiologically mature, and others, with different varieties are still one to two weeks behind. Low lying areas still somewhat green but are yellowing and dropping leaves. No harvest progress to date.
Corn is near dent stage (R5). Some earlier frost, damaged upper portions of plants, but not cobs. Chopping corn for silage will start soon, but most farmers are holding off until moisture drops. Estimates are for an average yield. Grain fields need another week of nice weather to accumulate heat units to reach physiological maturity.
Sunflowers have reached R8, but heavy moisture conditions have allowed head rot to develop.
Some winter cereals have been seeded, mostly into cereal stubble with canola stubble more limited due to harvest operations. Plenty of topsoil moisture available now for germination.
Recent rains have just started to fill dugouts, and will benefit next year's forages. Rain has come too late to help with hay and green feed yields, but is reducing pressure on most pastures. Some producers are feeding on pasture but in general, cattle are still on pasture. Precipitation has halted most harvesting including straw, green feed and silage operations.
Many farmers have been baling straw for future use or sale.
Dugouts at 50% capacity. There's very little runoff so far, despite having reaching 100% of normal precipitation for the year.
Scattered showers throughout the region halted harvest operations through the week. Rainfall events ranged from 4 to 10 mm with the heaviest rain of 18 mm around Birch River. The weekend brought highs of 28 to 32 Celsius, and along with breezy conditions have helped dry down and mature crops for harvest. Harvest operations resumed in full swing by the weekend.
Slow harvest progress prevailed early last week, but began in earnest throughout the region over the weekend. The harvest of field peas is virtually complete around Roblin, however 5% of field peas remain standing in the Swan River area with reported yields of 40 to 80 bpa. Around Roblin, the winter wheat harvest is complete. The spring wheat crop is ripe in the region and harvest is generally underway with 25% of the crop harvested. Additional dry down is required with high moisture in some of the wheat crop.
Spring wheat yields around Swan River are in the range of 50 to 70 bpa. Oats and barley are 25% harvested. The canola crop continues to mature throughout the region with most of the canola crop either swathed or standing for straight combining. There has been a start to the harvest of canola around Swan River with 10% combined; Dauphin and Ste. Rose areas are further ahead with overall progress for the region at 15%.
Better weather with an absence of frost is helping to mature the soybean crop; and while 100% of fields are still standing, there is optimism for good yields. Post-harvest operations have begun on harvested fields, but are somewhat limited due to wet conditions. The winter wheat seeded into harvested pea fields is emerging and is in good condition.
Harvesting operations and baling of straw resumed over the weekend after wet conditions last week halted operations. Producers are contemplating taking advantage of good drying weather to put up second-cut alfalfa where it exists; realizing alfalfa winter survival could be at risk cutting at this time. Although recent rainfall has greened up pastures and held back grasshopper populations, many pastures do not have sufficient growth to meet herd requirements. Cattle are being moved off the Ethelbert and Alonsa community pastures early due to lack of regrowth. Producers are weaning calves and culling cows earlier.
Water levels in dugouts have slightly increased in the Roblin and Swan River areas but dugouts around Dauphin, Ste. Rose and Rorketon remain low to dry. Corn silage harvest is still weeks away with yields estimated at 60% in the drier parts of the region to normal in other areas.
Harvest stalled during the week due to intermittent rain events, low temperatures and persistently high humidity. Conditions cleared and warmed on the weekend allowing for some harvest on Sunday and Monday.
Harvested grain is tough and being put on aeration and dried before longer-term storage. Precipitation was general and varied from 20 to 50 mm helping to replenish soil moisture, now rated as good to excessive in places. The Pilot Mound experienced hail on the weekend causing light damage, with assessments underway.
Ripe, mature cereal crops are suffering from this last stretch of wetness causing bleaching and downgrading grain quality.
Harvest of wheat, oats and barley is mostly done in the Red River valley, whereas 15-25% of those crops remain to be harvested on the escarpment. Early season crops are mature and harvest of those crops is currently about 85 to 90% complete in the region. Volunteer grain regrowth is evident having good germination conditions. Some fall tillage has been done where conditions are favorable. Winter cereal seeding is delayed due to the later harvest of canola fields, as canola is preferred stubble type for planting.
Corn is in the seed-filling stage. In some areas, cob development was being limited for lack of moisture but recent rainfall will help seed filling. More advanced and well developed corn crops are into the dough stage and denting. Silage corn harvest has started and some poorer fields destined for grain are being harvested as silage.
Soybeans are in the R7 stage to R8 or full maturity in more mature fields in the Red River Valley compared to above the escarpment. Leaves are dropping rapidly and plants are turning brown. Some soybean harvest started between Altona to Carman, but no reported yields so far. Field beans are podded and mature. Harvest is 30% complete, with average yield in the 1500 to 1800 lbs/acre range.
Swathing of canola fields is mostly done above and below the escarpment with a good proportion of fields remaining standing, and will be straight combined when ready. Canola yields are ranging from 25 to 55 bpa due to seasonal moisture variations. Above the escarpment canola harvest is 25 to 35% done with early yields reported in the 40 to 50 bpa. Flax is in the boll stage, brown and ready to be harvested. Sunflowers are in the R8 stage and seed filling and nearly ready for desiccation. Grasshoppers feeding damage has slowed with the cooler and wetter conditions this week.
Adequate rainfall in the last few weeks has helped improve soil moisture conditions for crop, hay and pasture land. Second-cut hay fields and pastures that were browned off are now greening up and will provide fall grazing.
Second-cut and wild hay harvest is complete. Cattle supplementation on pasture has been delayed with the rains and improvement to the forage growth.
Livestock water supplies have improved with the recent rains but are still low and dugouts will need runoff in the spring to fill.
The cooler and wet weather has slowed down grasshopper activity in the crops, hay and pasture.
Rainfall for the week across the region ranged from 15 to 45 mm with all areas receiving rain. Little progress on harvesting or fieldwork was made last week. Harvesting restarted on Monday as the weather shifted to warm, sunny and humid. Soil moisture conditions on cropland across the region were rated as 15% surplus and 80% adequate and 5% short. Soil moisture conditions in hay and pasture lands were rated as 60% adequate, 40% short and 10% very short.
Across the region, 95% of spring wheat harvested with average yield of 65 bpa. Quality on the remaining wheat has degraded significantly due to sprouting and mildew. Protein levels remain mixed with reports ranging from 11% to greater than 14.5%. Oat harvest was almost complete with an average yield of over 100 bpa. Quality on the remaining oats has degraded significantly due sprouting to and mildew. Barley harvest was almost complete with an average yield of 70 bpa. Increased head breakage and head loss in the remaining barley crop was noted.
In southern and central districts, canola harvest was close to being complete with remaining acres completed this week if weather allows. In northern districts, approximately 50% of canola acres harvested. Yield ranged from 40 to 50 bpa. If weather was favorable, soybean harvest in central and southern districts could begin in seven to 10 days. Overall harvest progress for the region is approximately 60% complete.
Unsettled weather and intermittent rains have continued to slow harvest progress. Shorter days and high humidity have affected harvest operations. Some activity started up on Sunday evening, with many combines going by Monday afternoon. North parts of the region received less than 15 mm, while southern areas received up to 30 mm. Pasture and hayfields are greening up, and rains may help some later maturing grain corn and corn silage, but have been a nuisance for annual crop harvest. Rain is welcome for seeding of winter wheat and hybrid fall rye, as well as for tillage operations.
Premature ripening due to dry conditions has been evident in all crops, particularly in the driest areas. Rainfall accumulations to date remain less than normal. Soil moisture levels remain low, even in areas receiving rains.
Harvest is estimated at as much as 60 to 65% complete. Yields are highly variable, but much is coming in at average to slightly below average. Many reports of better than expected yields, considering the year. All crops have been stagey; some fields have been left standing for longer periods to allow green areas to mature, even following desiccation and pre-harvest treatments.
Cereal harvest has progressed well to 90 to 100% complete.
Canola has quite a range, from 30 to 75% complete; a number of producers have finished up and are waiting on soybeans. Early canola yields reported in the 30 to 60 bpa range, with averages expected in the 35 to low 40 bpa range. Swathing in later seeded and re-seeded canola should start in the next week or two.
Flax harvest has begun, with early reports of 20 to 30 bpa.
Rapid color change and leaf drop is seen in soybeans, in many cases due to dry conditions. Growth stage is late R7 and R8. Harvest of a few fields reported, but no yields to date. Sunflowers are at R7 to R9. Stands are short. Some corn is starting to shut down; dry conditions are a significant concern for final yield. Cobs formed have fewer rows than average, and in some cases, cobs are extremely small.
Alfalfa seed harvest has begun. Yields will be dependent on rainfall and soil type. Some fields may yield close to average, but none will reach the high yields attained last season.
Silage corn harvest continues, and will be lower than normal. Quality will be a concern, with lower energy levels where cob formation is minimal.
Cooler, wetter weather has slowed grasshopper and flea beetle activity. Many of the grasshoppers present now are the large, black winged Carolina grasshopper. The distinctive yellow band helps with identification. Generally not a pest problem in Manitoba, they feed primarily on grasses.
Good field conditions following rains have allowed for seeding of hybrid fall rye and winter wheat, along with the beginning of tillage operations. Some fall fertilizer application has begun.
Post-harvest weed control has started. Rains have greened up perennial weeds, as well as volunteers on harvested cropland.
Extremely dry soils have limited both recovery and growth of hay and pasture; rains have been very welcome, and are beneficial for improving conditions for overwintering of these perennial crops. Producers are undertaking pasture and hay renewal measures for next year.
Greenfeed yields are lower than average. Some crops intended for grain production have gone for forage. Forage availability continues to be a big concern for the region. Yields are extremely variable depending on moisture levels; yields are coming in at 20 to 60% of average production. Productivity is best on new stands, and fertilized stands. Some producers are fertilizing forage stands for next year. Rains may add a few days to pasture grazing, although this may risk pasture survival and availability for next year. Supplemental feeding will start earlier than normal. Indications of more animals going to market due to lack of feed available. Topsoil moisture for hay and pasture is rated as 30% short and 70% very short; pasture condition is rated poor to very poor.
Dugout levels have declined, and some are dry. Water supply is rated as 40% adequate. Both supply and quality remain a concern.
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